Birds in Habitats
Most bird species show distinct preferences for certain habitats, and some are found in only one habitat type. However, a few species are found in many habitats.
Click on the habitats below to learn more.
For information, photos, videos and calls of 18 birds commonly seen in an urban habitat CLICK HERE. Photo by Cyron Ray Macey. CC BY 2.0 via Wikimedia
For information, photos, videos and calls of 12 birds commonly seen in an open forest habitat CLICK HERE. Photo by Neil Humphris. CC BY-NC-SA 4.0
For information, photos, videos and calls of 9 birds commonly seen in a wetland habitat CLICK HERE. Photo by Richard Noske. CC BY-NC-SA 4.0
This section is under development but to see photos of some of the birds commonly seen in this habitat CLICK HERE. Photo by Thomas Schoch. CC BY-SA 2.5 via Wikimedia
This section is under development but to see photos of some of the birds commonly seen in this habitat CLICK HERE. Photo by Neil Humphris. CC BY-NC-SA 4.0
Can you guess which habitat each of the birds below prefers?
Hover over the image of each bird to see if you were right.
Australian White Ibis
The Australian White Ibis is mainly a bird of wetlands, but in recent decades it has also become a scavenger in urban areas because people feed it and leave food scraps around. Ibis also moved to urban areas because too much water has been taken from the inland river systems where these birds used to breed.
Photo by Sardaka [CC BY-SA 4.0]
The Australian Brush-turkey is originally a bird of rainforests, but most of this habitat was cleared by European settlers a long time ago, and was replaced by farms and urban areas. Suburban gardens often attract these birds because mulch resembles the litter of the rainforest floor.
Photo by Bernard Gagnon [CC BY-SA 4.0]
The familiar Silver Gull is a seabird that usually hunts fish and other marine animals, but it also scavenges dead animals on beaches and mudflats along the coast. It has also learned to find food scraps left by people in adjoining urban areas.
Photo by Krzysztof Golik [CC BY-SA 4.0]
Once probably restricted to open grassy woodlands on the western side of the Great Dividing Range, the Noisy Miner has found a similar habitat in the parks and gardens of urban areas and is now the dominant bird species of the suburbs.
Photo by Neil Humphris [CC BY-NC-SA 4.0]
The pretty Pale-headed Rosella feeds on the seeds of grasses and other plants of open forests and woodlands dominated by eucalypts (gum trees), but also visits adjoining urban areas, especially in its search for tree hollows suitable for nesting.
Photo by Melissa Marie [Used with permission]
The noisy Masked Lapwing inhabits open grasslands, where it slowly stalks invertebrates hidden in the grass, and was probably once restricted to open plains outback. But after European settlers cut down much of the coastal forest, these birds moved into parks in urban areas that provided the perfect open habitat for these birds!
Photo by Bernard DUPONT [CC BY-SA 2.0]
Banner image: Rainbow Lorikeets nesting by Jim Bendon. CC BY-SA 2.0 via Wikimedia