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White-throated Treecreeper

Cormobates leucophaea

Quick facts

Size: Averages 14 cm long including tail, 20 g.


Range and lifestyle: Found throughout much of eastern Australia, except the inland and far north, these birds live in small territories all year-round.


Food: Insects and their larvae, especially ants.

Breeding: The nest is a cup of bark, lined with soft materials, built in a tree hollow. The female lays 2-3 mostly white eggs and incubates them for 22-23 days, though her mate feeds her on and off the nest.

  • Although Australia lacks woodpeckers, which are found all over the rest of the world, the endemic Australian treecreepers forage in a similar way, climbing up tree trunks and along branches, then gliding down to a lower point on the next tree. They sometimes even climb upside down, aided by the long sharp claws on their feet.

  • Their common call, consisting of repeated loud, high-pitched notes may go on for several minutes, but the male also makes beautiful trilling songs to communicate with his partner or birds in neighbouring territories.

  • This species is quite anti-social, so they never occur in groups, other than when parents have young ones to raise.


Text © Richard Noske 2021 CC BY-NC-SA


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